The Enlightenment

In the comments section, provide you and your partner’s responses:

1. 6WS of the chapter
2. List the main idea(s) in this chapter and its connection to previous schools of thought.
3. Update your SW Chart. Review your information. Do you understand the timeline up to the Enlightenment?
4. Watch the slideshare below. Do you agree with the content presented?

6 thoughts on “The Enlightenment

  1. Hannah and David
    1. 6WS: From believing anything to finding answers.
    2. Human reason- philosophers thought we were built with natural reasoning and morals; Cultural optimism- philosophers were all along trying to give ideas to explain life and improve the knowledge of ourselves; Return to reasoning- philosophers would use reasoning in giving their ideas and philosophies; Natural religion- this belief in God was evident in the early philosophy that “nothing comes from nothing” therefore, there must have been a God of some sort to have made everything; Human rights- People have their own rights, Socrates believed that questioning was the most efficient way of learning.
    4. We disagree with the philosophy that everyone is naturally good and only being in civilization is what makes one bad. If that were true, then how would it be bad in the first place? If everyone were good, they’d get along with others.

  2. Anjana and Olivia
    1) 6 WS: Be rational, natural, educated; have rights
    2) Main ideas:
    Opposition to authority- Descartes “the individual must find his own answer to every question”
    rationalism-Locke believed “that faith in God and certain moral norms were inherent in human reason”
    the enlightenment movement- Socrates believed in examining things by questioning them and that a true philosopher taught philosophy
    cultural optimism- Socrates believed in enlightening the world.
    the return to nature- natural philosophers believed that nothing came from nothing
    natural religion- Democritus believed immortality of the soul
    human rights- Olympe de Gouges believed in the rights of women.
    3) We understand the timeline.
    4) We agree with the content in the slideshow because it relates to the Enlightenment chapter and we both firmly agree with “leaving behind dark ignorance and blind beliefs.”

  3. Amit and Devon
    1.) 6WS: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Unite The World

    2.) Opposition to authority-Moral rights and standing up for what you know is right despite the consequence
    Cultural Optimism-looking for the good in humanity
    Natural Religion-Moral rights and everything in that category
    Human Rights-The idea that all men are created equal

    3.) Yes

    4.) Yes, because the facts are all supported by social acceptance.

  4. Nivi & Sarah
    1. Are we here physically or consciously?
    2. Sophie and Alberto come up with a plan to escape Hilde’s father’s mind.
    The enlightenment was characterized by opposition to authority.
    Natural Religions
    4. Yes, because it aligns with the content in Sophie’s World.

  5. Mario, Evan
    1. Ideas spread from east to west

    2. main idea:Talking about the enlightenment period in England, France, and Germany. Sophie and Alberto also discuss the fact that they could just be a part of the Major’s imagination and aren’t even real.

    Connections:It connects to the lesson we had in U.S. history where we learned about John Locke and Benjamin Franklin and their contributions to the enlightenment in France and England

    (Aka. Alexandra Gorman, Victoria Miller)

    1) 6WS – Enlightenment laid foundation: ethics, religion, reason.

    2) Main Ideas – 1. Opposition to authority. Politically and Philosophically. 2. Rationalism. “What everybody knows.” 3. Enlightenment movement. Lay foundation for morals, ethics, and religion tied in with reason to enlighten the masses. 4. Cultural optimism. Once reason is spread, humans would make great process. 5. The return to nature. Civilization ruins man. 6. Natural religion. Irrational to imagine a world without God. 7. Human rights. Fight for the rights that they thought the people deserved.
    The type of philosophy they were focusing on before was more towards materialistic ideas. Now that they are moving towards reason (becoming enlightened!) they are looking at things in a different light. It’s gone from worrying about why things are, to what they were made up of and why they were put there in the first place, to focusing on human reasoning and morals over blind faith and obedience.

    3) Yep! See above. That’s how we understand the evolution of thinking. (So far.)

    4) Yes, it is somewhat like the modern way of thinking. Most of the things brought up in the Enlightenment are the ways we think now and the ways of thinking that has shaped our nation.

Leave a Reply