Literary Analysis Reminders

Background information
Thesis Statement

Body Paragraphs:
Topic Sentence. This sentence identifies the topic of discussion for the paragraph.
Evidence. These are the 2-3 specific details, examples, or direct quotations (select/key phrases) from the novel that explain, support, and/or prove the topic sentence.
Commentary. These sentences  explain and show how and why topic sentence and evidence are connected (your analysis).
Closing Sentence. This sentence closes out the topic of this paragraph and transitions into the next paragraph.
Be choosy about what details you want to include to support your essay. The better your evidence, the more insightful and interesting commentary you will have.


Here are some links to videos to help re-explain the thesis statement.


Example of Character Analysis Using STEAL:

Character: Reverand Parris
Character Analysis: Hypocrite

Topic Sentence (Assertion): Reverand Parris portrays himself to be something more than he is, which makes him a hypocrite.

Text Evidence/Example/Detail: ” ‘I am a graduate of Harvard College.’ ” (I, 180)  — STEAL: Speech
**Direct Quotation  (Tells the reader that if you go to this section of the text, you will find the exact same words).

Commentary (Effect): Parris wants people to believe that he is worthy of receiving a better pay by claiming to be a graduate of Harvard.  Although he did attend Harvard, he did not graduate from there.  Parris believes that his statement will win him approval in the village by presenting himself in a more elevated manner.

Light Bearer Letter Check

Final thoughts from Ms. Caskey:  I hope that the Individual Letter Share and Respond activity today was helpful to you as you had the opportunity to read aloud your letter and listen to the feedback from your classmates and from me.

As you look to make your final edits and revisions for your letter, take the following into consideration:

1. Does your letter have a message that your light bearer wants to share with humankind about changing the universe? Does this message sound like it would only come from your light bearer (because it should). Is the message related to your light bearer’s life, experiences, contributions, etc. (information from your research).

2. Does the research support the message from your light bearer? Does the biographical information support the message? Do the contributions of your light bearer support the message? What information from your research led you to create the message that your light bearer wants to share?

3. Does the letter reflect the personality of you light bearer? Can you hear the voice of your light bearer? Did you have to use “old-fashioned” language, scientific language, etc.?

4. Handwrite your final copy to reinforce the idea of the art of the letter. 🙂

Moments in Lettre Writing

From TED Blog:

Before Twitter, before Facebook, before Gmail and AIM, there were ink and paper. There were people who dedicated time to writing correspondences, and then waited for a reply. After the jump, excerpts from five of the most delightful, beautiful or simply intimate letters we’ve come across.

* In 2009, after Barack Obama was elected for the first time, Bill Adler published a book of kids’ letters to their president. So much of the writing in this book is moving (or hilarious); one example comes from Kiana, a 12-year-old from Anderson, South Carolina.

As a Black female, I’m going to try to be the first woman president, and the first Black woman president at that—that is, if no one beats me to it.

* In an 1897 editorial in New York’s Sun, journalist Francis Pharcellus Church (anonymously) replied to a concerned eight-year-old, who had written to ask whether Santa Claus exists. This letter has rightly become famous—and inescapable during the holidays, when it’s printed and posted every year.

Yes, VIRGINIA, there is a Santa Claus. He exists as certainly as love and generosity and devotion exist, and you know that they abound and give to your life its highest beauty and joy. Alas! How dreary would be the world if there were no Santa Claus. It would be as dreary as if there were no VIRGINIAS. There would be no childlike faith then, no poetry, no romance to make tolerable this existence. We should have no enjoyment, except in sense and sight. The eternal light with which childhood fills the world would be extinguished. […]The most real things in the world are those that neither children nor men can see. […]Only faith, fancy, poetry, love, romance, can push aside that curtain and view and picture the supernal beauty and glory beyond. Is it all real? Ah, VIRGINIA, in all this world there is nothing else real and abiding.

* On a book tour in 1942, the writer Vladimir Nabokov wrote letters to his wife, Vera Nabokov. In November, on a stop in St. Paul, Minnesota, he wrote:

Yesterday after the trip into the country I went, having got awfully bored, to the cinema and came back on foot—I walked for more than an hour and went to bed around eight. On the way a lightning bolt of undefined inspiration ran right through me—a passionate desire to write, and to write in Russian. And yet I can’t. I don’t think anyone who hasn’t experienced this feeling can really understand its torment, its tragedy. English in this sense is an illusion and an ersatz. In my usual condition, i.e. busy with butterflies, translations, or academic writing, I myself don’t fully register the whole grief and bitterness of my situation.

I am healthy, eating plenty, taking my vitamins, and read the newspapers more than usual now that the news is getting rosier. St. Paul is a stupefyingly boring city, only owls at the hotel[…]but my apartment is charming.

Literary Analysis – Vocabulary Character Paragraph

Warm-up: Grammar Challenge: Find the parallel structure on p. 203. What makes it parallel?

Springboard – “Bad Boy” pp. 202-207
o In your IRN, date and title your notes “Bad Boy”.
o With your shoulder partner, share your annotations, focusing on the character and his transformation. You may also use the chart on p. 208 to guide you in the process of sharing your information. (Each person will share for 2 minutes.)
o With your face partner, repeat the same process.
o As a table group, write a sentence stating the changes that occurred in Walter’s self-perception and behavior from the beginning of fifth grade to the end of sixth grade. Write this topic sentence in your IRN. (5 minutes)
o Share-aloud. Each table group will share their topic sentences.

SAR: Review/Prep
o In your IRN, record the definition of literary analysis that is on p. 211.
o Review the information in your SB about literary analysis.
o You and your table group will now create an extended short answer response. You may use the notes about a SAR paragraph that is in your IRNs.

Vocabulary Character Paragraph
o At your tables, decide which one of the following characters for which you’d like to analyse: Walter, Meg, Charles Wallace, free-choice. ( 2 minutes) For example: Carl from Up
o Think and discuss what strong noun that you’d use to characterize him or her. Challenge: Your word choice uses a stem or stems. (5 minutes) For example:  The man from Up is old, grumpy, negative, cranky. He stays by himself and doesn’t want to be bothered by anyone and acts like he has a chip on his shoulder. When I look at theses adjectives, I think of the word curmudgeon because the definition is “ill-tempered, and usually old man”.
o Now, give this character a new first name that starts with the same letter as your noun. For example, Carl Curmudgeon. (Luckily, his name already starts with the same letter.) 🙂
o Draft 1 – A paragraph that traces the character’s change. The noun that you chowse should guide what details and commentary you provide.
o Your paragraph should include:
– topic sentence
– details/example 1 from text and commentary 1
– details/example 2 from text and commentary 2
– concluding sentence
o Draft 2 – If you feel confident, you may combine this activity into Draft 1. Add the use of AWUBIS at the beginning of each sentence. Repeat AWUBIS is necessary.


Unpacking and Mind Mapping Embedded Assessments

We are tweaking the way we unpack our Embedded Assessments. How, you ask? After you read and annotate your EA for the knowledge and skills, you will make a mind map of the information. The directions on how to mind map, start to finish, can be found here: Be sure that you read and reread before you begin the first step.

To recap, first, you must read and annotate your EA handout. Second, you must read the directions step by step before you begin your mind map. Third, begin creating your mind map. Remember, your mind map is unique to you because you will pull out the information that is important to your being successful with the assessment and map that information so that it makes sense to your learning.

Partner Activity:
(Materials: Annotated EA, pencil, computer)

1. Work with a table partner.
2. Discuss what each of you unpacked in the EA.
3. Access the class blog.
3. Open the link for drawing a mind map.
4. Read the directions.
5. Begin your mind map based on your unpacked EA and discussion.
6. Student-created mind maps are available on the back table for you to reference in addition to the ones on the website.

Class Mind Map:
1. At your tables, share and discuss your mind maps. One person at a time speaks and shares. Everyone at the table shares.
2. Discuss what information — words and images (if an image is necessary) — needs to be represented on the class mind map to serve as a reminder of  what the essential components of the EA are.
3. Each table group will contribute to the class mind map, round-robin style.
4. One person from each group will be the scribe. Each round will have a new scribe. 
6. As your scribe writes on the class mind map,  another person at your table will explain your table’s contribution (words/image). Each round will have a new speaker.
7. We will do this at least 3 rounds depending on the type of information that is mapped.

Completed Mindmap:
Once you’ve determined which light bearer you will research, revisit your mind map. Determine where you need to map additional information specific to your famous person. Your completed mind map is due on Tuesday, February 19. This is a part of your Prewrite for your EA. Remember, the better your prewrite (gathering information), the better the paper.


Q3/IW3 – Sentence Revisions


  • Title your assignment as you would any IW day.
  • Choose the IW that you want to revisit to revise from start to finish. Choose one that has 5-7 sentences.
  • Write the title of  the IW that you will revise on your notebook paper (For example: Q1/IW3)
  • Number the sentences in the original IW.

7th Grade: Sentence Revision Directions:
1. Write the original sentence.
2. Identify the parts of sentence above the word(s).      — Level 2
3. Identify the phrases with ( ).      — Level 3
4. Identify the clauses by underlining IC  & putting brackets around [ DC].      — Level 4

6th Grade: Sentence Revision Directions:
1. Write the original sentence.
2. Identify the parts of sentence above the word(s).     — Level 2
3. Identify the prepositional phrases with ( ).     

4. Revise the original sentence so that the subject and predicate are clear. Use the Active voice verb tense as much as possible. Make sure that your DOs, IOs, and SCs are clear. Use Nouns and verbs that are “powerful”.

                    S      LVP  SC-PA              SC-PA

S1: The kids are tall and skinny, (with glasses.)